Session 4: The Mining Conflict in Odisha: Impacts of Mining [AMENDED JAN 2022]

Geography (Ages 11-14)
Session 4: The Mining Conflict in Odisha: Impacts of Mining [AMENDED JAN 2022]
  • Different Backgrounds, Common Ground
Key Messages
  • Different Backgrounds, Common Ground: Resolving conflict between stakeholders
  • To understand that industry is important for developing countries.
  • The consequences of industrialisation can be categorised as economic, social and environmental.
  • To understand the impact of human actions and processes.
  • To focus on conflicting priorities between stakeholders, and how to resolve them.
  • Identify the impacts of mining in Odisha as economic, social or environmental.
  • Explore the impact of the changing landscape on the Adivasi (tribal) people.
  • Explore the conflicting interests of different stakeholders in Odisha's mining activities.
Links to National Curriculum

Students will begin to understand how human and physical processes interact to influence and change landscapes, environments and the climate; and how human activity relies on effective functioning of natural systems.



  • Project MV Geography 4.1 Mining in Odisha, Slide 2. Review the homework tasks. Project MV Geography Resource 3.4 Odisha's Story about Pollution, Mining and the Environment.
  • Discuss definitions of “compromise”.
  • Go through the article, highlighting the impacts of mining in Odisha. Impacts can be categorised into social, economic and environmental. Elicit / provide a couple of examples from the article for each.

Activity 1

  • Slide 3 Before the session, print and cut out MV Geography Resource 4.2 Impacts of mining card sort In mixed ability groups, students sort the cards into the headings. For differentiation you may choose to use a smaller selection of the cards.
  • Feed back to the class with a few examples.

Activity 2

  • Slide 4 Read MV Geography 4.3 Interview with an industrialist about the Dongria Khond tribe. Have a vote: Is the industrialist FOR or AGAINST the Dongria Khond?
  • Students use the article and key vocabulary from projected MV Geography 4.4 Odisha mining conflict word mat to support their arguments.
  • If appropriate to your group, have a debate. The students can use MV Geography 4.5 Structure your debate to help.


  • Slide 5 Share responses to the mining conflict in Odisha.
  • What do students think about the different stakeholders in the mining conflict?
  • How does the word "compromise" apply to this situation?


  • Slide 6 In the next session we will explore issues of environmental impact of mining and conflicting interests using a case study of the film "Avatar".
  • Watch or find out about the story of the film Avatar and make notes:
  • Who are the different stakeholders in Avatar?
  • What should we consider when making decisions when there are conflicting interests?
  • If any students are unable to access Avatar at home, can arrangements be made for them to watch it at school?